The specifics of the lease will differ depending on whether it is an apartment lease agreement or house rental agreement. However, there are certain features every lease should include. Before you send out, be sure to consult an attorney to ensure everything is correct and in accordance with your local laws.
Description of the property
Outline what is and isn’t included in the rental property, such as common areas, as well as any spaces that are off-limits. Note designated parking spaces or storage areas if they’re included in the rental unit.
Names of the tenant(s)
Everyone listed as a tenant on the lease is responsible for upholding the terms of the agreement. Having every adult who lives on the property entered as a tenant is a form of insurance for owners, since only the parties listed in the lease can be held liable for any violations of the contract.
As the lessor, you can also require a guarantor or cosigner as an additional form of insurance if a tenant has bad credit or is too young to have established credit. This person will also be responsible for the obligations in the contract.
Outline all things payment in this all-important section of the lease. How much is the monthly rent amount? On which day of the month does the tenant need to pay rent? Are there any other monthly costs to factor in, such as pet rent or utilities? To avoid confusion, you should also include how the tenant should pay the month’s rent and list all forms of acceptable payment.
You’ll want to spell out what happens in the event of late rent payment. Note any late fees and their terms and conditions. Will there be a grace period before any late charges apply? Will a flat fee be charged or a rate that accumulates for every day the rent is unpaid?
Duration of the lease
There are generally two types of leases: a month-to-month lease or a fixed-term lease, which is usually for a full year or longer. Set your lease term, then note the lease termination date as well as any early termination fees, in case the tenant wants to move out before the end of the lease period.
Include a section that outlines the terms of lease renewal: Does the tenant have the option to renew the lease or the option to purchase the property? If the landlord decides not to renew the lease for whatever reason, they will need to provide the tenant with a written notice or lease termination letter, which includes the reason for termination, the lease end date, and any final move information.
A security deposit is a sum paid to the landlord that proves the prospective tenant’s intent to move in, and can also be used in case of damage caused by the tenant. List how much the tenant should put down for the security deposit when they move in. State how the deposit will be used, if necessary, and when and how the deposit will be returned to the tenant.